- Grading dates for 2017
- What is Taekwondo?
- The philosophy of Taekwondo
- Tenets of Taekwondo
- Oath of Taekwondo
- Rules of Do Jang (School)
- The Belts
- Glossary of Korean Terminology
- TTA Calendar
- Sunday 12th March
- Sunday 2nd July
- Sunday 10th September
- Sunday 19th November
Taekwondo is an ancient Korean martial art of self-defence. “Tae” means to kick or smash with the feet, “Kwon” means fist or to punch and “Do” means art or way. Therefore Taekwondo is the art of hand and foot fighting.
Taekwondo is an art primarily concerned with self-defence.
Taekwondo seeks to train the body with optimum speed and accuracy to effectively defeat any kind of attack.
TTA Taekwondo teaches the COMPLETE art of Taekwondo. The philosophy and spirit that is embodied in the ancient art as well as modern up to date sports science practises are combined to provide you with a balanced and complete martial art.
The practise of Taekwondo enhances the Total Health of the individual (i.e. the mind, body and spirit). This is achieved as the practitioner undergoes: –
In T.T.A. Taekwondo the student learns to improve their cardiovascular endurance.
The student learns to co-ordinate between their eyes, hands and feet.
This is achieved through the focus of mind and body. The student repeats the various fundamentals of Taekwondo, striving to improve their techniques each and every time.
The student learns to work with fellow members as part of the team in class and inter-relation between peer groups, seniors and juniors.
The student takes on more responsibility in terms of looking after juniors and guiding them. At the same time they learn to seek guidance from their seniors and are responsible towards them.
The student learns to persevere and develop a strong tenacity to be responsible for their actions and achieve set goals and tasks.
With acquiring skills that turn his or her feet and hands into lethal weapons, the student learns to abide by the Tenets and oath of Taekwondo to achieve a sense of fair play, justice and loyalty to the ethics of Taekwondo.
- Self Control
- Indomitable Spirit
- I shall observe the Tenets of Taekwondo
- I shall respect my Instructor and Seniors
- I shall never misuse Taekwondo
- I shall be a champion of freedom and justice
- I shall build a more peaceful world
It should be understood by members that the purpose of these rules is primarily to ensure maximum benefit for the study of Taekwondo. These rules have been part of Taekwondo from its inception.
- Bow to your instructor when entering and leaving the school. This is to show respect and your modesty.
- Do not enter or leave the class without permission from your instructor.
- Students must always bow before speaking to the instructor and use words of consideration such as yes or no Sir, pardon me, etc.
- All students are expected to be courteous and understanding. Advanced students are to set an example to new students and to assist such students whenever necessary.
- Loud conversation, laughing in excess, smoking and chewing gum have no place in a Taekwondo school.
- Your uniform should be clean and pressed at all times
- Exchange greetings between students to create a friendlier atmosphere.
- Any substitute teacher shall be treated as would your regular instructor.
- When standing in line, stand to the left or behind a student of a higher grade.
- Do not engage in any activity that might degrade the code of Taekwondo ethics or the reputation of the school
- Do not talk to other students while your instructor is teaching or speaking.
- Ask questions to your instructor to clear up any difficulties.
- When returning after a period of absence, the student must seek the permission of the instructor before commencing training. Students who cannot attend class for one week or more should notify their instructor.
- When seated on the floor, knees should be tucked and hands should be on the knees.
- Students must remove all jewellery from their person before entering the Dojang to begin practice.
- Fingernails and toenails should be clipped short to prevent any injury. All students must observe a high degree of personal hygiene.
- Tuition, grading fees and license fees must be paid on time.
Students must adhere to the organisation rules in order to maintain a high standard of etiquette and discipline.
1. Entering and leaving the Dojang (training area)
- Face the flag and stand to attention
Leaving During Practice
- Ask the instructors permission to leave
- Upon leaving the Dojang bow to the instructor
- On re-entry to the Dojang bow to the instructor
- Ask the instructors’ permission to rejoin the class
Leaving At the End of Practice
- Follow the same procedure as entering the Dojang
2. When Practising With A Partner
- Before commencing practice face each other, stand to attention and bow
- Repeat when practice has finished
3. Respect to the Instructor
When speaking to the Instructor (Sa bumnim) you should first bring your feet together (attention stance) and raise your hand. After you have spoken to your instructor you should stand to attention and bow. Instructors have equal respect for students (they were Kup grades themselves once).
Represents the INNOCENCE of the beginner who does not yet have any knowledge of Taekwondo
Represents the EARTH in which the seed of Taekwondo is planted, symbolising a student’s latent abilities.
Represents a GROWING SHOOT, symbolising the student’s abilities as they start to develop.
Represents the HEAVENS or SKY towards which the shoot is reaching, as the student attempts to reach beyond competence to excellence.
Represents DANGER, a warning to the student to excercise self-control and for opponents to beware.
Represents MATURITY, the opposite of the innocence of the White Belt.
Patterns are prearranged sequences of attack and defence moves against imaginary opponents. They are designed to improve power, accuracy and speed and to make techniques reflex actions rather than the result of (Slow) conscious thought. The names of the patterns for the coloured belt grade (kup) students is from the TAE GEUK (Tal Chi, in Chinese), the ultimate principle in oriental philosophy. TAE means “great” and GEUK means “ultimate” or “eternal”. Each pattern represents one of the Eight Trigrams (Pal Gwe) of the I Chin- (The book of Changes).
Colour Belt Patterns
Four-directional punching; 14 movements, for 9th kup
Basic pattern; 20 movements; for 8th kup
TAE GEUK IL JANG
Represents HEAVEN and LIGHT (Keon); 18 movements; for 7th kup; perform clearly and methodologically, but fluently
TAE GEUK EE JANG
Represents JOYFULLNESS (Tae); 18 movements; for 6th kup; perform gently but forcefully
TAE GEUK SAM JANG
Represents FIRE and SUN (Ri); 20 movements; for 5th kup; perform with vitality and passion
TAE GEUK SA JANG
Represents THUNDER (Jin); 20 movements; for 4th kup; perform with strength and power
TAE GEUK O JANG
Represents WIND (Seon); 20 movements; for 3rd kup; perform alternately as slow/graceful and strong/fast
TAE GEUK YUK JANG
Represents WATER (Gam); 23 movements; for 2nd kup
TAE GEUK CHIL JANG
Represents MOUNTAIN (Gan); 25 movements; for 1st kup; perform with stability but free movement
TAE GEUK PAL JANG
Represents EARTH (Gon); 24 movements; for 1st Dan; perform with strength and unbending force
Black Belt Patterns
Name of a Korean dynasty (918 – I392 AD); 27 movements
“Diamond”, suggesting great strength; 27 movements
Old name of Baek Doo, highest mountain in Korea and site of mythical founding of Korea by Dan Gun; 26 movements
“Plain”; 31 movements
“Decimal”; 31 movements
“Sky”; 27 movements
“Water”; 27 movements
“Oneness”; 27 movements
|Ready (adopt the appropriate ready stance)||Joonbi|
|Return (to previous position, often joonbi stance)||Baro|
|Sit Down||An Jo|
|Turn Around||Do Rah|
|Thank you||Gamsa hamnida|
|Warning (1/2 point)||Kyong go|
|Deduction (full point)||Gam jeom|
|Add one point||Il jeom|
|Injury time||Kye shi|
|Time out||Shi gan|
|Short walking stance||Ap Sogi|
|Long walking stance||Ap Kubi|
|Attention stance||Moa Sogi|
|Cat stance||Bom Sogi|
|L stance (left / right)||Dwi Sogi (Wen / Oreun)|
|Sitting stance||Juchum Sogi|
|Parallel stance||Naranhi Sogi|
|Back stance||Dwit Kubi|
|Front kick||Ap chagi|
|Front raising kick||Ap cha-olligi|
|Front Turning kick||Ap Dolryo chagi|
|Side kick||Yeop chagi|
|45 Turning kick||Bit chagi|
|Twisting kick||Bituro chagi|
|Axe kick||Chiko chagi|
|Back kick||Dwit chagi|
|Reverse turning kick||Bandae dollyo chagi|
|Crescent kick||Bandal chagi|
|Hooking kick||Golcho chagi|
|Jumping kick||Twimyo chagi|
|Obverse punch||Baro chirugi|
|Reverse punch||Bandae chirugi|
|Turning punch||Dolyo chirugi|
|Upset punch||Dwi jibo chirugi|
|Double punch||Du chirugi|
|Side punch||Yeop chirugi|
|Back fist||Dung jumuk|
|Ridge hand||Son-nal dung|
|Low section block||Arae makki|
|Middle section block||Momtong makki|
|Upward rising block||Ilgo makki|
|Knife hand block||Son-nal daebi makki|
|W shape block||San makki|
|Forearm guarding block||Palmok daebi makki|
|Wedging block||Hecho yo makki|
|Inside forearm block||An palmok makki|
|Outside forearm block||Pakat palmok makki|
Events in green are TTA events, normally in Glasgow. Events in blue are TTA London events, normally in London. Click on the event to see the details.